Every developer has his/her own preference of the type of language to use when developing standalone or web applications and websites. This is according to personal efficiency and regard. There exists a lot of languages in the contemporary market, and all of them are designed to aid in attaining specific objectives. Languages can be multi-platform, whereby they can be used across all, or multiple platforms, platform specific, usable on particular platforms they are designed for, open-source, which can be obtained and used freely, and closed source, which needs to be purchased first.
Being that languages are used for different purposes, let’s focus on those used for web development. Web development, like any other platform, is quite vast. According to the objective needed to be accomplished, programming languages are designed for all categories. These categories are Client-side scripting, Server-side scripting, database technology and markup languages. Let’s look at each of them in details below:
Styling sheets and Markup Languages
These are the most basic languages for web design, and they are inevitable when creating a website. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) and HTML are the most common ones falling in this category, and are known as the building blocks of websites. They are multi-platform, and they are designed to execute with very few errors. Apart from HTML (HTML5 being the latest update) and CSS, we have XML, XHTML and JSON.
Client-side scripting frameworks and languages
Server-side scripting frameworks and languages
Everything written using these languages is hosted on high-end computer machines known as servers. They are stored there, and they directly link with databases to swiftly call for data and store information. Server-side languages are much more secure because they just allow portions of scripts to be available temporarily to the client browsers. They also have most built-in plugins to make coding experience very easy.
A site cannot work without being allocated a storage space. This storage space is the one called a database. A database stores all website information where when requested can easily be accessed, retrieved, and edited. Much space allocation aids smooth running, maintenance and management of the site.